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Nature Conservation in Estonia

For preserving biological diversity and for ensuring the favorable status of threatened species and habitats, 18,7% of Estonia's land area and 26% of the water area has been taken under protection.

As of December 31, 2016, Estonia had a total of 3,864 protected natural objects including:

  • 5 national parks;
  • 159 nature reserves;
  • 152 landscape protection areas (nature parks);
  • 534 parks and stands;
  • 335 limited-conservation areas;
  • 1,426 species’ protection sites;
  • 1,153 individual protected natural objects;
  • 20 natural objects protected at the local government level;
  • 80 protected areas with old protection regulation.

 

The western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus). Photo by Jaanus Tanilsoo